Between 2004 and 2021, half of the 24 Argentine jurisdictions decreased participation in education in their budgets, according to a report by the NGO Argentines for education.
with a drop of 8.8 percentage points, the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires was the one that cut the most, followed by Mendoza (7.3). On the contrary, in Salta it increased 8.1 points and in Neuquén 6.6.
Bad grade for Argentine education
The resulting data especially worrying about the context. Four years ago, Argentina scored the worst performance in its history in UNESCO’s international learning assessments.
46% of third graders lacked basic skills of reading comprehension. Meanwhile, the middle level continues to go through a crisis marked by the questioning of its good content and dynamics, and the disconnection between part of the students and teachers, subjected to increasing job insecurity.
The National Education Law establishes that the area investment it cannot be less than six percent of the Gross Domestic Product, something that only happened three times: 2009, 2013 and 2015.
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In 2021, the two jurisdictions that dedicated the highest proportion of their budget to education were Buenos Aires (31%) and Salta (29%). Those that did the least, CABA (17%) and Santa Cruz (17%), according to the organization where former national ministers Susana Decibe, Andrés Delich, Hugo Juri and Juan Llach work, and which has support from companies such as Techint, Pampa Energía and the banks Galicia, Macro and Santander.
That same year, the Buenos Aires Minister of Education, Soledad Acuna, had assured that the budget for his area was the one that had warned the most in the City Government. The place checked verified that the support was falsegiven that the educational item was seventh among the management expenses of Horacio Rodríguez Larretabehind the items for tourism, the legislative and judicial powers.
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For the Civil Association for Equality and Justice (focused on reversing poverty and discrimination against vulnerable groups), the educational situation in the city was alarmingsince budgeting had dropped from 24% in 2013 to 17% in 2021.
The NGO was particularly alarmed by the abrupt drop in funds in the School Infrastructure and Maintenance programs, necessary to cover Initial Education vacancies, and to guarantee the safety and health of the classrooms to face the pandemic.
Nationwide, an overwhelming majority of educational investment goes to teacher and non-teacher salarieswhich leaves little room for improvement of the facilities and, consequently, the learning conditions of the students.
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George Lo CasioEconomist and Master in Education, said a elDiarioAR that “inequality occurs in an underhanded way, given that more is spent on subsidizing privately run schools than on capital assets of public schools, which may affect the quality of educational service provision due to building deficiencies or lack of equipment.
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